Relationship Between Planning and Control Explained
“Planning is required at the very outset of management whereas control is required at the last stages. If planning is looking ahead, control is looking back.”
Control and planning are interrelated so closely that they cannot be separated from each other. Without control all the planning is fruitless because control consists of the steps taken to ensure that the performance of the organization conforms to the plans.
In other words control is concerned with the actual performance in relation to the standards set in advance and the correction of deviations to ensure attainment of objectives. Planning is required at the very outset of management whereas control is required at the last stages.
If planning is looking ahead, control is looking back. In fact, control is the process of checking to determine whether or not proper progress is being made towards the objectives and goals set by management while doing planning.
Often it is said that planning is the basis, action is the essence, delegation is the key, information is the guide and control is the lifeblood of the success of any business enterprise. Organizational objectives cannot be achieved without planning and planning alone cannot be successful. If extra efforts are put in planning and control is ignored, a business may suffer from a number of administrative problems. These difficulties may be highly detrimental for the business in the long run.
Effective control through efficient superiors can only be a guarantee for success. The control system must be appropriate to the needs and circumstances of the enterprise.
Control is a fundamental management function that ensures work accomplishment according to plans. The purpose of control is to ensure that everything in an organization occurs in conformity with pre-determined plans. Control also ensures that there is no kind of indiscipline and incompetence in the organization and employees are not able to put undue pressure on the management.
Some people are not in favor of control because they feel that control is always used against the employees. They advocate automatic control rather than forced one. But a balanced viewpoint is that both the management and the employees should be put under some kind of control. Control should be engrained in the basic policies of any type of business organization.
Author - DeeKay
Tags - Finance, Economy
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