What are the Benefits of Foreign Trade?
“Foreign trade leads to specialization and encourages production of different goods in different countries. ”
Foreign trade helps every country to make optimum use of its natural resources. Each country can concentrate on production of those goods, for which its resources are best suited. Wastage of resources is avoided in this way and people in general get a feeling that their government is concerned about them, their resources and their money.
Foreign trade enables a country to obtain goods, which it cannot produce. Sometimes a country can produce goods but the production cost turns out to be very high. In such a scenario also, importing goods is a better option. Naturally, on such type of goods heavy import duty is not placed. This is done for the good of the public in general.
Foreign trade leads to specialization and encourages production of different goods in different countries. Goods can be produced at comparatively low cost due to advantages of division of labor. Due to foreign trade, goods are produced not only for home consumption but for export to other countries also. Nations of the world, in this way, can dispose of those goods in the foreign market that they have in surplus
This also introduce an extra caution for maintaining quality that is able to meet the international standards. Such quality-control equipments and procedures thus become available to domestic producers also. The entire state of affairs ultimately benefits the customer.
What’s more foreign trade leads to production at large scale and thus the advantages of large scale production can be obtained by all the countries of the world that indulge in mutual trade. Foreign trade reduces wild fluctuations in prices to a large extent and in the process equalizes the prices of goods throughout the world.
Under developed countries can establish and develop new industries with the machinery, equipments and technical know-how imported from developed countries. This helps in the development of these countries and the economies of the world at large.
Due to foreign competition, the producers in a particular country attempt to produce better quality goods at the minimum possible cost. This increases the efficiency and benefits the consumers all over the world regardless of any national or international boundary.
Author - DeeKay
Tags - Finance, Economy
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